Document Detail

A comparison of hypertensive and nonhypertensive coronary care patients' cardiovascular responses to visitors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1709628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Patients with and without hypertension in a coronary care unit (n = 24) were compared with respect to cardiovascular responses to both a family visit and an interview by an investigator. Variables for each of the four cardiovascular indicators (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and premature ventricular contractions) included the value before, the highest value during, the lowest value during, and the value after each social interaction condition. The highest group means for systolic blood pressure and heart rate were significantly higher for patients with hypertension than for patients without hypertension under both the interview and visit conditions. Differences in cardiovascular responses were not significantly greater for family visits than for interviews for patients with hypertension compared with those without hypertension. Thus, although hypertensive patients had greater cardiovascular reactivity to both social interaction conditions than nonhypertensive patients in the coronary care unit, family visits were no more physiologically stressful than a comparative interaction condition.
T Simpson; J Shaver
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart & lung : the journal of critical care     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0147-9563     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart Lung     Publication Date:  1991 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-06-21     Completed Date:  1991-06-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330057     Medline TA:  Heart Lung     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  213-20     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Cardiac Complexes, Premature / etiology,  psychology
Coronary Care Units
Family / psychology
Heart Rate / physiology
Hypertension / physiopathology,  psychology*
Interviews as Topic
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Stress, Psychological / complications
Visitors to Patients*
Grant Support
5 F31 NU05773-02/NU/BHP HRSA HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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