Document Detail


A comparison of generalization functions and frame of reference effects in different training paradigms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1620565     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Six experiments were carried out to compare go/no-go and choice paradigms for studying the effects of intradimensional discrimination training on subsequent measures of stimulus generalization in human subjects. Specifically, the purpose was to compare the two paradigms as means of investigating generalization gradient forms and frame of reference effects. In Experiment 1, the stimulus dimension was visual intensity (brightness); in Experiment 2, it was line orientation (line-angle stimuli). After learning to respond (or to respond "right") to stimulus value (SV) 4 and not to respond (or to respond "left") to SV2 (in Experiment 1) or SV1 (in Experiment 2), the subjects were tested for generalization (recognition) with an asymmetrical set of values ranging from SV1 to SV11. Go/no-go training produced peaked gradients, whereas choice training produced sigmoid gradients. The asymmetrical testing resulted in a gradual shift of the peak of responding (go/no-go group) or in the point of subjective indifference (PSI; choice group) toward the central value of the test series; thus, both paradigms revealed a frame of reference effect. The results were comparable for the quantitative (intensity) and the qualitative (line-angle) stimulus dimensions. Experiment 3 compared the go/no-go procedure with a yes/no procedure in which subjects responded "right" to SV4 and "left" to all other intensities and found no differences between these procedures. Thus the difference in gradient forms in go/no as opposed to (traditional) choice paradigms depends on whether one or two target stimuli are used in training. In Experiment 4, in which visual intensity was used, the shift in the PSI following choice training varied positively with the range of asymmetrical test stimuli employed. In Experiment 5, also with visual intensity, the magnitude of the peak shift following go/no-go training varied as a function of overrepresenting a high or a low stimulus value during generalization testing. Experiment 6, with line angles, showed that the PSI following choice training varies in a similar way. The frame of reference effects obtained in these experiments are consistent with an adaptation-level model.
Authors:
D R Thomas; M Lusky; S Morrison
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perception & psychophysics     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0031-5117     ISO Abbreviation:  Percept Psychophys     Publication Date:  1992 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-08-06     Completed Date:  1992-08-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0200445     Medline TA:  Percept Psychophys     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  529-40     Citation Subset:  C    
Affiliation:
University of Colorado, Boulder.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Discrimination Learning / physiology*
Feedback
Female
Generalization, Response / physiology
Generalization, Stimulus
Humans
Learning
Light
Male
Research Design
Vision Disparity / physiology*
Visual Perception / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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