Document Detail

A comparison of experimental aneurysm occlusion determination by angiography, scanning electron microscopy, MICROFIL perfusion, and histology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19582862     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In clinical practice, occlusion of embolized, intracerebral aneurysms is evaluated using angiography. Standard, two-dimensional digital subtract angiography (DSA) is unable to quantify irregular aneurysm remnants, and even three-dimensional rotational angiography cannot quantify the degree of occlusion. To better understand occlusion at the aneurysm neck, we compared angiographic results with MICROFIL perfusion, histology, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results in 20 elastase-induced saccular aneurysms in rabbits. Aneurysms were embolized with HydroCoil devices (n = 12) or platinum coils (n = 8). Aneurysm follow-up occurred at 2 (n = 10) and 6 (n = 10) weeks. Aneurysm occlusion was evaluated using DSA, MICROFIL perfusion, histological ground sections, and SEM. Groups were compared statistically using ANOVA and chi(2) tests. The MICROFIL perfusion results were not concordant with the angiographic results for the HydroCoil and platinum coil groups. Both increased and decreased occlusion was observed on the MICROFIL-perfused aneurysms when compared with angiography. The histologic occlusion results of the HydroCoil group were concordant with the angiographic results; however, unoccluded areas not visible on angiography were routinely observed on the ground sections in the platinum coil group. SEM imaging of the aneurysm neck consistently showed decreased occlusion than angiographic results for both the HydroCoil and platinum coil groups. Although histology and MICROFIL-perfusion analyses provided additional details of aneurysm occlusion when compared with angiography, complete visualization of the entire neck of the aneurysm and accurate assessment of aneurysm occlusion was possible only with SEM.
Gregory M Cruise; Elias A Rivera; Russell M Jones; Maria Vestal; Renu Virmani; Yong-Hong Ding; David F Kallmes
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials     Volume:  91     ISSN:  1552-4981     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biomed. Mater. Res. Part B Appl. Biomater.     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-07     Completed Date:  2010-01-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101234238     Medline TA:  J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  669-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
MicroVention Terumo, Aliso Viejo, California 92656, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Carotid Artery, Common / pathology
Cerebral Angiography
Embolization, Therapeutic / instrumentation*
Intracranial Aneurysm / pathology,  therapy*
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Silicone Elastomers
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Silicone Elastomers; 7440-06-4/Platinum

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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