Document Detail

A comparison of endoesophageal tubes. Improved results with the Atkinson tube.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2463438     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We reviewed our use of endoesophageal tubes for the palliation of patients with carcinoma of the esophagus from 1973 through 1986. Celestin tubes were implanted by means of laparotomy and traction. Proctor-Livingston tubes were implanted by pulsion with frequent laparotomy for staging. All Atkinson tubes were placed by means of the pulsion method without simultaneous laparotomy in any case. Patients with an Atkinson tube had fewer complications, including aspiration, sepsis, reflux, and pneumonia. Mean hospital stay was shortened to 4 days when the Atkinson tube was used, and hospital death rate was 6% versus 42% when either the Celestin or Proctor-Livingston tube was used. Mean long-term survival (108 days) was significantly lengthened when Atkinson tubes were used. A comparison of all patients receiving tubes revealed a less frequent prevalence of reflux when the distal end of the tube was positioned above the gastroesophageal junction. Laparotomy resulted in significantly more episodes of aspiration, sepsis, reflux, and pneumonia. Laparotomy was also associated with a 41% hospital death rate versus 17% when laparotomy was not performed. Hospital days were shortened to 7 versus 16 days when laparotomy was not performed. The Atkinson tube provided improved palliation and decreased morbidity and mortality in our hands. These benefits were probably the results of ease of insertion without the use of a laparotomy and the ability in most cases to position the distal end of the tube above the gastroesophageal junction.
J M Kratz; C E Reed; F A Crawford; M R Stroud; E F Parker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  97     ISSN:  0022-5223     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  1989 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-02-10     Completed Date:  1989-02-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-23     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425.
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MeSH Terms
Esophageal Neoplasms / mortality,  therapy*
Intubation / instrumentation*
Length of Stay
Middle Aged
Palliative Care / instrumentation*
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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