Document Detail

A comparison of dyadic interactions and coping with still-face in healthy pre-term and full-term infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20481392     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pre-term birth has a significant impact on infants' social and emotional competence, however, little is known about regulatory processes in pre-term mother-infant dyads during normal or stressful interactions. The primary goals of this study were to investigate the differences in infant and caregiver interactive behaviour and dyadic coordination of clinically healthy pre-term compared to full-term infant-mother dyads and to examine pre-term infants' capacity for coping with stress using the face-to-face still-face paradigm (FFSF). Fifty mother-infant dyads, including 25 pre-term infants and 25 full-term infants were videotaped during the FFSF. All infants were 6-9 months of age (corrected for gestational age in the pre-term group). Infant and maternal socio-emotional expressivity and self-regulatory behaviours were coded and measures of dyadic coordination (Matching, Reparation Rate, and Synchrony) were calculated. There were no significant differences in infant and caregiver socio-emotional behaviours between the two groups and both groups demonstrated the still-face (SF) effect and the reunion effect. There was a difference in self-regulatory behaviour. Pre-term infants were more likely than full-term infants to use distancing (e.g., by turning away, twisting, or arching) from their mothers during the FFSF. Additionally, during the Reunion episode of the FFSF pre-term infants showed more social monitoring compared to full-term infants. Regardless of the birth status, the dyads showed less coordination and a slower rate of reparation during the Reunion episode than during the Play episode. The higher proportion of distancing in the pre-term group and the increase in social monitoring suggest that even in normal interactions pre-term infants may experience a higher level of stress and have less capacity for self-regulation compared to the full-terms and that pre-term infants appear to use a compensatory strategy of increased social monitoring to cope with the stress of renegotiating the interaction during Reunion. The findings suggest that pre-term infants have different regulatory and interactive capacities than full-term infants.
Rosario Montirosso; Renato Borgatti; Sabina Trojan; Rinaldo Zanini; Ed Tronick
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of developmental psychology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0261-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Dev Psychol     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-20     Completed Date:  2010-06-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8308022     Medline TA:  Br J Dev Psychol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  347-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Child and Adolescent Neurology and Psychiatry and Italian NNNS Centre for Infant Neurobehavioural Study, Scientific Institute 'E. Medea', Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological / physiology*
Analysis of Variance
Facial Expression*
Infant Behavior / physiology,  psychology*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / psychology*
Internal-External Control
Mother-Child Relations*
Mothers / psychology*
Observer Variation
Reference Values
Social Behavior
Stress, Psychological / psychology
Videotape Recording
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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