Document Detail


A comparison of the deflecting-tip bronchial blocker with a wire-guided blocker or left-sided double-lumen tube.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19362014     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To compare a new bronchial blocker, the Cohen blocker, with the Arndt blocker and a left double-lumen tube (DLT). DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight patients undergoing lung surgery. INTERVENTION: Intubation with 1 of the 3 devices. Comparisons among groups included (1) time for initial positioning, (2) degree of lung collapse at pleura opening, and (3) number of intraoperative fiberoptic examinations. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Positioning of the Cohen blocker (256 [166-341] seconds; median [interquartile range]) took no longer compared with the Arndt blocker (253 [184-305] seconds), and there was a trend toward difference between the 2 blockers and the DLT (137 [102-199] seconds) (p = 0.07). The time to place the Cohen blocker was longer in cases of left bronchus occlusion compared with a right one (340 [300-450] v 170 [124-259] seconds, p = 0.02); they were similar in the Arndt group. The degree of lung collapse was different among groups (p = 0.05), but the difference between any pair did not reach statistical significance. The number of patients who required at least 1 additional FOB examination was not statistically different (50% of patients in each blocker group v 19% in the DLT group). CONCLUSIONS: There was a trend toward a difference between times to place a bronchial blocker and the DLT. The Cohen blocker is more difficult to position in the left main bronchus than in the right one.
Authors:
Virginie Dumans-Nizard; Ngai Liu; Pierre-Antoine Laloë; Marc Fischler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2009-04-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1532-8422     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-24     Completed Date:  2009-10-05     Revised Date:  2010-08-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  501-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, Hôpital Foch, Suresnes, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Bronchi / physiology*
Collapse Therapy
Double-Blind Method
Female
Humans
Intubation, Intratracheal / adverse effects*,  instrumentation*
Laryngoscopy
Lung / surgery
Male
Middle Aged
Optical Fibers
Pleura / anatomy & histology,  physiology
Prospective Studies
Respiration, Artificial / adverse effects*,  instrumentation*
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2010 Aug;24(4):735-6   [PMID:  20117021 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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