Document Detail


A comparison of cleat types during two football-specific tasks on FieldTurf.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17717058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of different cleat plate configurations on plantar pressure during two tasks. DESIGN: Thirty-six athletes ran an agility course 5 times while wearing 4 different types of Nike Vitoria cleats: (1) bladed, (2) elliptical firm ground, (3) hard ground and (4) turf. Plantar pressure data were recorded during a side cut and a cross cut using Pedar-X insoles. SETTING: Controlled laboratory study PARTICIPANTS: No history of lower extremity injury in the past 6 months, no previous foot or ankle surgery, not currently wearing foot orthotics and play a cleated sport at least twice a week. Main outcome measurements: Total foot contact time, contact area, maximum force, peak pressure and the force-time integral (FTI) in the medial, middle and lateral regions of the forefoot were collected. A 1x4 ANOVA (alpha = 0.05) was performed on each dependent variable. A Bonferroni adjustment was conducted (alpha = 0.008). RESULTS: In the cross cut task, statistical differences between cleats were observed in three variables: total foot peak pressure, lateral forefoot FTI, and lateral forefoot normalised maximum force. In the side cut task, statistical differences between cleats were observed in 4 variables: total foot peak pressure, the medial and middle forefoot FTI, and the medial and middle forefoot normalised maximum force. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences in forefoot loading patterns existed between cleat types. Based on the results of this study, it might be beneficial to increase the forefoot cushioning in cleats in an attempt to decrease loading in these regions of the foot.
Authors:
R M Queen; B L Charnock; W E Garrett; W M Hardaker; E L Sims; C T Moorman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-08-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1473-0480     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-08     Completed Date:  2008-06-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  278-84; discussion 284     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Michael W Krzyzewski Human Performance Laboratory, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA. robin.queen@duke.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Equipment Design
Female
Foot / physiology*
Foot Injuries / prevention & control*
Football / injuries,  physiology*
Humans
Male
Pressure
Pronation / physiology
Sex Factors
Shoes*
Sports Equipment*
Weight-Bearing / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AR50245/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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