Document Detail

A comparison of cardiac post-conditioning and remote pre-conditioning in paediatric cardiac surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21262079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Remote ischaemic pre-conditioning and cardiac ischaemic post-conditioning provide myocardial protection in cardiac surgery. However, these two endogenous strategies have not been directly compared in a clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of remote ischaemic pre-conditioning and post-conditioning in providing myocardial protection to children undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass for surgical repair of ventricular septal defect. METHODS: We randomly assigned 60 paediatric patients scheduled for surgical correction of congenital ventricular septal defect to the post-conditioning group (n = 20), remote pre-conditioning group (n = 20), or control group (n = 20). Post-conditioning consisted of 30 seconds of ischaemia and 30 seconds of reperfusion achieved by clamping and unclamping the aorta, repeated three times over 3 minutes immediately after cardioplegic arrest. Remote ischaemic pre-conditioning consisted of 5 minutes of lower limb ischaemia followed by 5 minutes of reperfusion using a blood-pressure cuff inflated to a pressure of 200 millimetres of mercury, also repeated three times over 30 minutes. We assayed creatine kinase-MB, troponin I. RESULTS: Mean age, cardiopulmonary bypass times, and aortic cross-clamp times were matched across groups. Both post-conditioning and remote ischaemic pre-conditioning reduced the peak release of creatine kinase-MB (86.1 plus or minus 24.1 units per litre and 92.8 plus or minus 20.6 units per litre, respectively, versus 111.0 plus or minus 44.6 units per litre in the control, p less than 0.05) and troponin I (0.28 plus or minus 0.10 nanogram per millilitre and 0.26 plus or minus 0.09 nanogram per millilitre, respectively, versus 0.49 plus or minus 0.19 nanogram per millilitre in the control group, p less than 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that ischaemic post-conditioning and remote ischaemic pre-conditioning provide comparable myocardial benefit in children undergoing cold blood cardioplegic arrest.
Wanjun Luo; Ming Zhu; Rimao Huang; Yangde Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiology in the young     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1467-1107     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9200019     Medline TA:  Cardiol Young     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-5     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Xiang Ya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008, People's Republic of China.
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