Document Detail

A comparison of carbon dioxide monitoring and oxygenation between facemask and divided nasal cannula.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10788965     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The divided nasal cannula is a device recently released in Australia that couples oxygen delivery and end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO2) monitoring. This study compares the accuracy of PETCO2 measurements by the divided nasal cannula and those measured by a modified facemask (as currently used in this institution), with arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2). In this crossover study, 30 patients who had arterial lines as part of their routine monitoring were given oxygen via nasal cannula and facemask preoperatively. The PETCO2 was measured with each device and a simultaneous PaCO2 and PaO2 measured after equilibration. The results demonstrate a significant difference between the PETCO2 as measured by each technique. The divided nasal cannula more accurately reflects PaCO2 (mean arterial to end expired gradient of 5 mmHg) and provides a more representative trace when compared to a traditional facemask system. Both methods provided adequate oxygenation.
T E Loughnan; J Monagle; J M Copland; P Ranjan; M F Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anaesthesia and intensive care     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0310-057X     ISO Abbreviation:  Anaesth Intensive Care     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-27     Completed Date:  2000-06-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0342017     Medline TA:  Anaesth Intensive Care     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  151-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anaesthesia, Frankston Hospital, Victoria.
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MeSH Terms
Capnography / instrumentation*,  methods
Intubation / instrumentation*
Partial Pressure
Respiration, Artificial / instrumentation*,  methods

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