Document Detail


A comparison of carbon black with soot.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6197752     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Carbon black is frequently confused with soot. In order to clarify the distinction between these materials, we have examined 6 carbon blacks and 18 samples of soot. Carbon black is composed of turbostratic colloidal aggregates which we call aciniform carbon (AC). Chimney soots from domestic wood or coal fires contain very little AC, while in diesel soots the solid particulates are essentially all AC. All soots examined contain much more extractable organic material and/or ash than does carbon black. Ames Salmonella assays were carried out on solvent extracts. The results were calculated as net revertants per mg of the original soot or carbon black. On this basis, the majority of the soot extracts assayed were at a much higher level of mutagenicity than any of the carbon black extracts. For several reasons, even greater differences in mutagen availability would be expected if the unextracted materials were compared in vivo.
Authors:
A I Medalia; D Rivin; D R Sanders
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0048-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  1983 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-02-23     Completed Date:  1984-02-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Carbon / analysis*
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Colloids
Fossil Fuels / analysis
Heating / instrumentation
Mutagenicity Tests
Salmonella / drug effects
Vehicle Emissions / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Colloids; 0/Fossil Fuels; 0/Vehicle Emissions; 7440-44-0/Carbon

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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