Document Detail


A comparison of bronchial drainage treatments in cystic fibrosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8905888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We compared standard chest physical therapy and postural drainage (CPT/PD) with a new airway clearance therapy called high-frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO) in a group of stable cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. In this crossover trial, 29 CF patients (15 males, 14 females), aged 7-47 years that met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to alternate CPT/PD and HFCWO, on a daily basis, over a 4 day period. Each patient received 2 days of each form of therapy; treatment frequency and the length of treatment were the same for both techniques. Expectorated secretions were collected during each 30 minute therapy session and for 15 minutes following treatment. The wet and dry weights of collected secretions were determined gravimetrically, and the therapy methods were compared. Significantly more sputum was expectorated during HFCWO than during CPT/PD as determined by both the wet (P < 0.001) and the dry (P < 0.01) measurements. This study suggests that HFCWO is at least as effective as manual CPT/PD in clearing secretions from the airways in patients with cystic fibrosis.
Authors:
J Kluft; L Beker; M Castagnino; J Gaiser; H Chaney; R J Fink
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric pulmonology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  8755-6863     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Pulmonol.     Publication Date:  1996 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-02-18     Completed Date:  1997-02-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510590     Medline TA:  Pediatr Pulmonol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  271-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Cross-Over Studies
Cystic Fibrosis / therapy*
Drainage, Postural*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Respiratory Therapy / instrumentation,  methods*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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