Document Detail


A comparison between Goldmann applanation tonometry and dynamic contour tonometry after photorefractive keratectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22940796     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The intraocular pressure (IOP) could be measured by both Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and dynamic contour tonometry (DCT). Although these two methods have been discussed widely after laser-assisted sub-epithelial keratectomy (LASIK), there is little data in the cases undergoing photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). We aimed to compare the changes of IOP measurements obtained by GAT and DCT after PRK for myopia/myopic astigmatism. METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 77 candidates (154 eyes) for PRK to correct myopia or myopic astigmatism and 30 matched patients (30 eyes) with myopia or myopic astigmatism who served as controls. Changes of the IOP measurements (ΔIOP) obtained by GAT and DCT before and at 6 months after PRK in the operated eyes, and at baseline and 6 months later in the controls, were documented. Changes of the central corneal thickness (ΔCCT) were determined in the same fashion. RESULTS: The mean IOP readings obtained by DCT were comparable before and at 6 months after procedure (18.34 ± 3.03 mmHg and 17.87 ± 2.61 mmHg respectively, p = 0.41); whereas the mean IOP reading obtained by GAT decreased significantly 6 months postoperatively (17.92 ± 3.63 mmHg and 16.25 ± 2.66 mmHg, p < 0.001). A significant correlation was present between the ΔIOP obtained by GAT and ΔCCT (r = 0.61, p < 0.001). Similar correlation was not significant between the DCT-obtained ΔIOP and the ΔCCT (r = 0.07, p = 0.44). The mean ΔIOP obtained by GAT was significantly higher in the operated eyes than in the controls (-1.54 ± 1.45 vs 0.07 ± 0.44 mmHg, p = 0.02). The mean DCT-obtained ΔIOP was just marginally insignificant between the operated and nonoperated eyes (-0.63 ± 0.59 vs 0.02 ± 0.38 mmHg respectively; p = 0.09). CONCLUSIONS: The authors recommend DCT after PRK in the cases with myopia or myopic astigmatism.
Authors:
Afshin Lotfi Sadigh; Rohollah F Fouladi; Hassan Hashemi; Amir Houshang Beheshtnejad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-702X     ISO Abbreviation:  Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8205248     Medline TA:  Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Nikookari Eye Hospital, Tabriz, Iran.
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