Document Detail


A comparison of the anatomic successes of primary vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with superior and inferior breaks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22691313     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Purpose:  To compare the anatomic success between repair of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) with superior breaks and repair of RRD with inferior breaks, by performing primary vitrectomy and using similar techniques and the same gas. Methods:  Eighty-two consecutive eyes of 80 patients with RRD were included in this retrospective comparative study. The eyes were divided into two groups according to the location of the breaks: superior (n = 62) and inferior (n = 20). All the patients underwent a standard, 3-port, 20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy with 20% sulphur hexafluoride gas tamponade performed by the same surgeon. The main outcome measured was the primary anatomic reattachment at 3 months after surgery. Results:  The primary anatomic success rate in the inferior group was significantly lower than that in the superior group (80% versus 98%, p = 0.012). In the inferior group, the primary anatomic success rate in patients whose symptoms lasted for more than 2 weeks was significantly lower than that in others (5/9 versus 11/11, p = 0.026). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified inferior break as the only independent risk factor for redetachment (odds ratio, 11.88; p = 0.034). Conclusion:  The anatomic success of primary vitrectomy for RRD with inferior breaks is lower than that for RRD with superior breaks. In particular, the duration of symptoms longer than 2 weeks is associated with a worse outcome in patients who had RRD with inferior breaks.
Authors:
Teruhiko Goto; Tomomi Nakagomi; Hiroyuki Iijima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta ophthalmologica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1755-3768     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101468102     Medline TA:  Acta Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Acta Ophthalmologica © 2012 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation.
Affiliation:
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan.
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