Document Detail


A comparison of 25 gauge Quincke spinal needle with 26 gauge Eldor spinal needle for the elective Caesarian sections: insertion characteristics and complications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16388267     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to compare the insertion characteristics and incidence of PDPH between 25 gauge Quincke needle and 26 gauge Eldor needle for spinal anaesthesia in elective c/s. METHOD: 60 pregnant women (aged 19-35 yrs and weighing 58 -67 kg) undergoing elective caesarean section were randomized into group A (Quincke spinal needle group) or group B (Eldor spinal needle group). Spinal anaesthesia was performed with 2.9 ml 0.5% heavy bupivacaine using 25 gauge Quincke spinal needle in group A and 26 Gauge Eldor spinal needle in group B. Onset, time of first identification of backflow of CSF, number of attempts, level of sensory and motor blockade, failure of anaesthesia, inadequate anaesthesia and incidence of PDPH were recorded. RESULT: Quincke spinal needle was found easy at insertion, first attempt was successful in 90% of cases, whereas Eldor spinal needle was successful at first attempt in only 60% of cases. Early identification of CSF was seen in Eldor spinal needle group in 3.5 seconds vs. 5.2 seconds in Quincke spinal needle group. Blood mixed CSF was seen in 8 Quincke spinal needle group vs. none in Eldor spinal needle group. Onset was similar between both groups i.e. in 6 minutes. Failure of anaesthesia was none in Eldor spinal needle group vs. 2 in quincke spinal needle group. Height of sensory block achieved was T4 level in 26 parturients,T6 in 1 ,T8 in 1 and no anaesthesia at all in another 2 parturient as compared to T4 level in 29 and T3 in 1 parturient in Eldor spinal needle group. The degree of motor block with the use of Bromage criteria showed a motor score of 1 or 2 in 26 parturients in Quincke spinal needle group vs. same in all cases in Eldor spinal needle group. The total incidence of PDPH was 8.3 % (5 out of 60 parturient) which occurred all in Quincke spinal needle group. 2 parturient who developed severe PDPH required epidural blood patch. CONCLUSION: 26 gauge Eldor spinal needle was found to be better than 25 gauge Quincke spinal needle for caesarian sections to decrease the incidence of PDPH, though not all insertion characteristics were in favour of the Eldor needle.
Authors:
S Tabedar; S K Maharjan; B R Shrestha; B M Shrestha
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Kathmandu University medical journal (KUMJ)     Volume:  1     ISSN:  1812-2027     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:    2003 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-02     Completed Date:  2006-01-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101215359     Medline TA:  Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ)     Country:  Nepal    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  263-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anaesthesia, Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anesthesia, Obstetrical*
Cesarean Section*
Equipment Design
Female
Humans
Needles*
Post-Dural Puncture Headache / etiology*
Pregnancy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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