Document Detail

A comparative study of sociocultural factors and young adults' smoking in two Midwestern communities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17365729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Young adults were the only age group to defy the downward trend in cigarette use seen in the 1980s and 1990s. To help explain this phenomenon, we conducted an exploratory study to examine the association between the sociocultural contexts of young adults' everyday lives and their smoking attitudes and behaviors. "Context" was operationalized by (a) including students and nonstudents in the study population, and (b) selecting two distinctly different areas of Minnesota for examination. The study sites were Hibbing and environs (Range), the sparsely populated hub of the state's once-thriving iron ore industry, and the Twin Cities metropolitan area (Metro), center of state government, finance, transportation, education, and industry. This report focuses on the first phase of the study, which consisted of a computer-assisted telephone interview of 995 randomly selected young adults, aged 18-24. Approximately equal numbers of students and nonstudents were selected from each site. Exploratory factor analysis yielded four distinct scales related to alcohol consumption and partying (Drinking Behavior), the social attractiveness and utility of smoking (Social Utility), outdoor recreation (Outdoor Rec), and media use and hours of free time. We decided not to use the media and free time scale, however, because of its low Cronbach alpha (.42). We used polynomial logistic regression to evaluate the association between smoking status, gender, student status, location (Range vs. Metro), and the three retained scales. Results indicated that living on the Iron Range (OR = 2.6), being female (OR = 1.3), and scoring higher on the Social Utility scale (OR = 3.06) increased the risk of smoking, whereas being a student (OR = 0.53) decreased the risk substantially.
Jeanne R Steele; Robert L Raymond; Kirsten K Ness; Shahid Alvi; Ilona Kearney
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  9 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1462-2203     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-16     Completed Date:  2007-04-17     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S73-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Health*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Educational Status
Risk Factors
Rural Population
Sex Factors
Smoking / psychology*
Social Conditions
Socioeconomic Factors*
Urban Population
Grant Support

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