Document Detail


A comparative study between fluoroscopic and endoscopic guidance in palliative esophageal stent placement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22151881     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) are the treatment of choice for incurable obstructive malignant esophageal strictures. Although the placement of SEMS is usually performed with fluoroscopic control (FC), recently several authors have shown the feasibility of placing SEMS under endoscopic control alone (EC). However, studies comparing the two techniques are lacking. The objective of this study was to compare the feasibility and safety of SEMS insertion under fluoroscopic control and endoscopic control. The study was performed through the retrospective analysis of patients who underwent SEMS insertion for malignant dysphagia between January 2005 and January 2010. Data concerning early and late complications and survival were retrieved. Early complications were defined as pain, vomiting, bleeding, malposition/migration, perforation, and/or dysphagia occurring until 30 days of SEMS insertion; and late complications as tumor ingrowth and overgrowth, migration, hemorrhage, fistulae, food impaction, and/or esophagitis occurring after 30 days. We placed 126 SEMS of which 87% for esophageal stricture, 8% for esophagus-respiratory fistula, and 5% for extrinsic compression. The mean age of the patients was 62 years, and 93 were male. SEMS insertion was performed with FC in 66 patients and EC in 60. Early complications occurred in 34 patients (52%) in the FC group and 28 (47%) in the EC group (P = 0.71), including: pain in 22 patients of the FC group and 15 of the EC group (P = 0.31); vomiting in 15 of the FC group and nine of the EC group (P = 0.27); malposition/migration in three of the FC group and four of the EC group (P = 0.60); hemorrhage in one of the FC group and two of the EC group (P = 0.27); and dysphagia in two of the FC group and three of the EC group (P = 0.57). Late complications occurred in 20 patients (30%) in the FC group and 22 (37%) in the EC group (P = 0.44), including: tumor in/overgrowth in 13 patients of the FC group and 10 of the EC group (P = 0.66); prostheses migration in five of the FC group and eight of the EC group (P = 0.28); hemorrhage in two of the FC group and two of the EC group (P = 0.54); appearance of esophageal fistulae in seven of the FC group and four of the EC group (P = 0.43); food impaction in nine of the FC group and eight of the EC group (P = 0.96); esophagitis in 12 of the FC group and 15 of the EC group (P = 0.35). Median survival was 107 days (95% confidence interval [CI] = 6-369 days) with no difference between the two groups. There were no statistical significant differences in the incidence of complications and in survival between patients undergoing SEMS placement under fluoroscopic control or endoscopic control.
Authors:
F Ferreira; P Bastos; A Ribeiro; M Marques; F Azevedo; P Pereira; S Lopes; R Ramalho; G Macedo
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus / I.S.D.E     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1442-2050     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809160     Medline TA:  Dis Esophagus     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus.
Affiliation:
Gastroenterology Department, Hospital de São João, Porto, Portugal.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Increase in the incidence of type 1 diabetes in Israeli children following the Second Lebanon War.
Next Document:  STELLAR: fast and exact local alignments.