Document Detail

A comparative assessment of interface pressures generated by four surgical theatre heel pressure ulcer prophylactics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21910831     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Current heel protection devices used in the operating room do not comply with the consensus document of the European and National (North American) Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panels. A complying prototype has been tested. Prospective cohort study comparing interface pressures. While using the prototype device, the heel interface pressure is significantly [mean 0·0 mmHg, standard deviation (SD) 0·0] less than the viscose elastic gel (VEG) mat (mean 174·8 mmHg, SD 64·5), the Action(®) heel block (mean 182·3 mmHg, SD 70·8) and the theatre table (mean 193·2 mmHg, SD 57·1). At the Achilles tendon, the prototype device (mean 16·2 mmHg, SD 19·0) is significantly superior to the Oasis (mean 183·7 mmHg, SD 67·4) and Action(®) heel blocks (mean 112·3 mmHg, SD 64·7). At the lateral malleolus, the prototype device (mean 0·0, SD 0·0) is better than the Action(®) (mean 24·3 mmHg, SD 53·4) and Oasis heel blocks (mean 20·9 mmHg, SD 49·2). At the calf, the prototype (mean 53·7 mmHg, SD 23·0) imposed more pressure than all other devices tested but was not statistically significant compared with the theatre table or the VEG mat. It is possible to design a device that protects the heel, lateral malleolus and Achilles tendon without causing hyperextension of the knee and consequent popliteal vein compression, thereby complying with the above guidelines.
Mario Malkoun; Jacqueline Huber; David Huber
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  International wound journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1742-481X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101230907     Medline TA:  Int Wound J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd and Inc.
M Malkoun, MBBS, BMedSc (Hons), Department of Surgery, Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong, NSW, Australia J Huber, MBBS (Hons), BSc (Adv Physics) (Hons 1), Department of Surgery, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia D Huber, FRACS, Department of Surgery, Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
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