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A comparative analysis of pediatric uroflowmetry curves.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21826720     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIMS: This study was conducted to try to objectify assessment of pediatric uroflowmetry curves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine professionals in pediatric incontinence care judged 480 pediatric uroflows. On a 1-5 scale, where 1 = anomalous and 5 = normal, uroflows were assessed on four items: staccato, interrupted, flow time and obstruction. Eighty uroflows were re-evaluated for intra-observer agreement. After staccato and interrupted flow had been defined more sharply, another 100 uroflows were analyzed. Cohen's Kappa test for nominally classified data was applied to assess agreement. Kappa value of <0.20 denoted poor agreement, 0.21-0.40 fair, 0.41-0.60 moderate, 0.61-0.80 substantial and 0.81-1.0 perfect or almost perfect agreement. A second analysis was done using a 3 point scale, anomalous, intermediate and normal. RESULTS: For interobserver agreement, Kappas were 0.45 for staccato flow, 0.67 for interrupted, 0.59 for flow time, and 0.66 for obstruction. For intra-observer agreement, Kappas were 0.47 for staccato, 0.65 for interrupted, 0.55 for flow time, and 0.65 for obstruction. On a three-point scale, anomalous, intermediate, and normal, interobserver agreement was equal to 0.80 or above. In the second 100 uroflows, the interobserver agreement Kappas were 0.44 for staccato, 0.95 for interrupted, 0.71 for flow time and 0.73 for obstruction. CONCLUSION: Moderate to substantial agreement on uroflowmetry curves can be reached, except for staccato. Agreement increases if staccato and interrupted flows are defined more sharply. Staccato is defined as three or more peaks and troughs of more than the square root of maximal flow without touching 0, whereas interrupted flow needs at least one 0 passage. In a normal, uninterrupted uroflow, flow time is under 15 sec. Neurourol. Urodynam. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Marianne A W Vijverberg; Aart J Klijn; Ad Rabenort; Jeroen Bransen; Esther T Kok; Johanna P M Wingens; Tom P V M de Jong
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurourology and urodynamics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-6777     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303326     Medline TA:  Neurourol Urodyn     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Pediatric Renal Center, University Children's Hospitals UMC Utrecht and AMC Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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