|A community-based exercise and education scheme for stroke survivors: a randomized controlled trial and economic evaluation.|
|PMID: 20026571 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE|
|OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of a community-based exercise and education scheme for stroke survivors.
DESIGN: A single blind parallel group randomized controlled trial.
SETTING: Leisure and community centres in the south-west of England.
SUBJECTS: Stroke survivors (median (IQR) time post stroke 10.3 (5.4-17.1) months). 243 participants were randomized to standard care (124) or the intervention (119).
INTERVENTION: Exercise and education schemes held twice weekly for eight weeks, facilitated by volunteers and qualified exercise instructors (supported by a physiotherapist), each with nine participants plus carers or family members.
METHOD: Participants were assessed by a blinded independent assessor at two weeks before the start of the scheme, nine weeks and six months. One-year follow-up was by postal assessment.
PRIMARY OUTCOMES: Subjective Index of Physical and Social Outcome (SIPSO); Frenchay Activities Index; Rivermead Mobility Index. NHS, social care and personal costs. Secondary outcomes included WHOQoL-Bref.
ANALYSIS: Intention-to-treat basis, using non-parametric analysis to investigate change from baseline. Economic costs were compared in a cost-consequences analysis.
RESULTS: There were significant between-group changes in SIPSO physical at nine weeks (median (95% confidence interval (CI)), 1 (0, 2): P = 0.022) and at one year (0 (-1, 2): P = 0.024). (WHOQol-Bref psychological (6.2 (-0.1, 9.1): P = 0.011) at six months. Mean cost per patient was higher in the intervention group. The difference, excluding inpatient care, was pound296 (95% CI: - pound321 to pound913).
CONCLUSION: The community scheme for stroke survivors was a low-cost intervention successful in improving physical integration, maintained at one year, when compared with standard care.
|Rachel Harrington; Gordon Taylor; Sandra Hollinghurst; Mary Reed; Hazel Kay; Victorine A Wood|
|Type: Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Date: 2009-12-21|
|Title: Clinical rehabilitation Volume: 24 ISSN: 1477-0873 ISO Abbreviation: Clin Rehabil Publication Date: 2010 Jan|
|Created Date: 2010-01-07 Completed Date: 2010-04-20 Revised Date: 2014-07-30|
Medline Journal Info:
|Nlm Unique ID: 8802181 Medline TA: Clin Rehabil Country: England|
|Languages: eng Pagination: 3-15 Citation Subset: IM|
|APA/MLA Format Download EndNote Download BibTex|
Caregivers / economics, psychology
Community Health Centers / economics*
Community Networks / economics*
Exercise Therapy / economics, methods*
Patient Education as Topic / economics, methods*
Quality of Life
State Medicine / economics
Stroke / economics, rehabilitation*
|G0800800//Medical Research Council|
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine
Previous Document: Relationships between somatic growth and cognitive functioning in young children with sickle cell di...
Next Document: Exercise on a treadmill or walking outdoors? A randomized controlled trial comparing effectiveness o...