Document Detail


A communication system for the severely dysarthric speaker with an intact language system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  67278     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two severely dysarthric speakers who had previously spelled entire messages on an alphabet board were taught a system in which they pointed to the first letter of each word as they spoke. Rate and intelligibility of speech produced with (aided) and without (unaided) the communication system were judged by observers who viewed videotaped samples. The rate of aided and unaided speech was markedly faster than spelling the entire message. Aided speech was slower but more intelligible than unaided speech. Further analysis revealed that intelligibility was influenced by at least two factors: (1) rate and (2) information provided by the identification of the first letter of each word. For one speaker both factors contributed to increased intelligibility, while for the other speaker only initial letter information appeared to influence intelligibility.
Authors:
D R Beukelman; K Yorkston
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of speech and hearing disorders     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0022-4677     ISO Abbreviation:  J Speech Hear Disord     Publication Date:  1977 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-06-30     Completed Date:  1977-06-30     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376335     Medline TA:  J Speech Hear Disord     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  265-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Audiovisual Aids*
Brain Injuries / complications
Cerebrovascular Disorders / complications
Communication*
Humans
Intelligence
Male
Middle Aged
Speech Disorders / therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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