Document Detail

The common mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in judo: a retrospective analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19042919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Although high prevalence of anterior cruciate ligament injuries (ACL) in judokas has been reported, there has been very little research concerning events preceding the injury.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the common situations and mechanisms of ACL injury in judo.
METHODS: A total of 43 cases of ACL injuries that had occurred during judo competition or practice were investigated, using questionnaires with interviews conducted by a single certified athletic trainer who has 20 years of judo experience to obtain information regarding the situation and mechanism in which the ACL injury occurred.
RESULTS: The number of ACL injuries when the participant's grip style was different from the style of the opponent (ie, kenka-yotsu style) (28 cases) was significantly greater than when the participant's grip style was the same as that of the opponent (ie, ai-yotsu style) (15 cases; p<0.001). The number of ACL injuries was significantly higher when the participant was attacked by the opponent than when counterattacked or when attempting the attack (p<0.001). In addition, being attacked with osoto-gari was revealed as the leading cause of ACL injury incidence among the participants (16.8%).
CONCLUSIONS: Grip style may be associated with ACL injury occurrence in judo. In addition, direct contact due to the opponent's attack may be a common mechanism for ACL injuries in judo.
S Koshida; T Deguchi; K Miyashita; K Iwai; Y Urabe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1473-0480     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  856-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculty of Health Sciences, Ryotokuji University, Chiba, Japan.
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