Document Detail

The common cavity congenital deformity of the inner ear. An important precursor of meningitis described in 1838.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7478460     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Congenital deformity of the osseous labyrinth of the inner ear is well recognized as being associated with a fistulous communication with the intracranial subarachnoid space in some cases, leading to meningitis or a spontaneous 'stapes gusher'. Such cases have been described inappropriately as 'Mondini's dysplasia'. We cite 2 patients who both died of meningitis and had an accurate postmortem anatomical appraisal of the deformed temporal bones, one recently described by us and one by Cock more than 150 years ago. The use of eponyms is to be deprecated but should faithfully reflect the original description. The 'common cavity' lesion of the inner ear is a most important precursor of otogenic meningitis readily assessed by computed tomography and needing surgery to prevent the egress of cerebrospinal fluid or ingress of pathogens causing meningitis.
P D Phelps; L Michaels
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  ORL; journal for oto-rhino-laryngology and its related specialties     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0301-1569     ISO Abbreviation:  ORL J. Otorhinolaryngol. Relat. Spec.     Publication Date:    1995 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-08     Completed Date:  1995-12-08     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0334721     Medline TA:  ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  228-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Ear, Inner / abnormalities*
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / etiology
Meningitis, Bacterial / microbiology
Streptococcus pneumoniae / isolation & purification
Temporal Bone / abnormalities

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