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A cohort study evaluating robotic versus laparotomy surgical outcomes of obese women with endometrial carcinoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21658752     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive surgery offers advantages for management of obese patients, but technical difficulty often deters its utilization. Compared to laparotomy, robotic surgery should allow comparable staging and improved surgical outcomes. Therefore, we evaluated outcomes in robotic and laparotomy cohorts of obese women with endometrial cancer at our institution. METHODS: Retrospective robotic and laparotomy cohorts of obese women (BMI≥30kg/m(2)) undergoing surgical management of primary endometrial cancer from March 2006 to March 2009 were formulated utilizing a computerized database. Patient demographics, operative statistics, peri-operative complications, and pathologic details were collected in an intent to treat analysis. Chi-square or Fisher's exact test and t-test were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: 73 women underwent robotic surgical management, 11% converted to laparotomy. Mean BMI (39.8 vs. 41.9, p=0.152), number of co-morbidities (2.49 vs. 2.62, p=0.690), number of previous surgeries (0.97 vs. 0.94, p=0.841), and lymphadenectomies performed (65.8% vs. 56.7%, p=0.227) were similar between cohorts. Total lymph nodes obtained were not statistically different between cohorts (8.01 vs. 7.24, p=0.505). Total operative time and room time was significantly longer for robotic surgery; however, estimated blood loss, the percentage of patients receiving transfusion, hospital length of stay, wound complications (4.1% vs. 20.2%, p=0.002) and other complications (9.6% vs. 29.8%, p=0.001) were improved for the robotic cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic management of obese women with endometrial cancer yields acceptable staging results and improved surgical outcomes. Although operating time is longer, hospital time is shorter. Robotic surgery may be an ideal approach for these patients.
Authors:
Akila Subramaniam; Kenneth H Kim; Shannon A Bryant; Bin Zhang; Christa Sikes; Kristopher J Kimball; Larry C Kilgore; Warner K Huh; John M Straughn; Ronald D Alvarez
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gynecologic oncology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-6859     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0365304     Medline TA:  Gynecol Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35223, USA.
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