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The cochlea magnesium content is negatively correlated with hearing loss induced by impulse noise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23332299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Magnesium is proved to attenuate acoustic trauma, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation is a critical role that involves hearing loss induced by impulse noise. We aimed to investigate the relationship between the cochlea magnesium content, ROS formation and hearing loss induced by impulse noise. METHODS: Ninety pigmented guinea pigs were exposed to impulse noise. Auditory thresholds were assessed by sound-evoked auditory brainstem response (ABR) 24h before and 72h after exposure to impulse noise. 4-Hydroxynonenal(HNE) used as a marker of ROS was determined immunohistochemically. The cochlea magnesium content was examined with the method of energy dispersive x-ray analysis, and the cochlea was also detected with scanning electron microscope. The relationship between the cochlea magnesium content, ROS formation and hearing loss was analyzed. RESULTS: There was loss of outer hair cell cilia accompanying with significant auditory threshold shift after impulse noise exposure. ROS was positive in the organ of Corti of all animals. The cochlea magnesium content was negatively correlated with ROS formation and hearing loss. CONCLUSIONS: Inhibiting ROS formation is one of the mechanisms for magnesium to reduce acoustic trauma, and difference in cochlea magnesium contents is one of the factors that induce varying degrees of cochlear damage among each individual after acoustic trauma.
Authors:
Min Xiong; Jian Wang; Chuanhong Yang; Huangwen Lai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of otolaryngology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-818X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Otolaryngol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000029     Medline TA:  Am J Otolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology, Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: dr_xiong@163.com.
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