Document Detail

The co-occurrence of tobacco & alcohol in general population of metropolis Delhi.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12674829     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The association between tobacco and alcohol use behaviours has not been explored in India. This study reports on the co-occurrence of tobacco and alcohol use in a representative general population in metropolis Delhi at two points of time a year apart.
METHODS: Matched data on 10,312 individuals from 2937 households above the age of 10 yr were available for survey I and survey II. Among them 5414 were males and 4898 females. The subjects were interviewed by non clinical staff using a structured proforma based on DSM III R criteria on the use of tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and opioids.
RESULTS: Among women, use of only tobacco was reported. Among males, the prevalence of use of 'only tobacco', 'only alcohol' and concurrent smoking and drinking was 18.1, 3.3 and 9.6 per cent respectively. Concurrent use was higher in the age group 31-40 yr and dependence higher in the 41-50 yr age group. Both at surveys I and II current smokers had higher percentage of alcohol drinkers compared to tobacco abstainers; dependent smokers had higher percentage of dependent drinkers. The use of alcohol at survey II was higher among tobacco smokers compared to tobacco abstainers identified at survey I (OR = 5.77, 95% CI 4.3-7.7).
INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate a positive correlation between smoking and drinking. The findings lend support to existing evidence suggesting associations between tobacco and alcohol use. Smoking proved to be a powerful predictor of alcohol use. It is suggested that professionals who treat alcoholism should pursue the cessation of smoking among their patients.
D Mohan; A Chopra; H Sethi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Indian journal of medical research     Volume:  116     ISSN:  0971-5916     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J. Med. Res.     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-04     Completed Date:  2003-04-16     Revised Date:  2013-04-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374701     Medline TA:  Indian J Med Res     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  150-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
India / epidemiology
Smoking / epidemiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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