Document Detail

The clinical impact of health behaviors on emergency department visits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20053222     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Modifiable health behaviors are an important cause of visits to emergency departments (EDs). Substance use, unsafe sexual behavior, interpersonal violence, unintentional injury, and other risky behaviors account for a large proportion of ED volume, as well as up to 40% of all deaths in the United States. While emergency physicians commonly treat the illnesses and injuries caused by these behaviors, additional opportunities exist to screen, intervene, refer, and initiate treatment for patients with these health risks. This article reviews the epidemiology and clinical impact of risky health behaviors on ED visits and suggests strategies for creating a research agenda in these areas.
Steven L Bernstein
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1553-2712     ISO Abbreviation:  Acad Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-07     Completed Date:  2010-03-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9418450     Medline TA:  Acad Emerg Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1054-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2009 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology
Cause of Death
Emergency Service, Hospital / utilization*
HIV Infections / epidemiology
Health Behavior*
Health Services Research
Mental Disorders / epidemiology
Preventive Health Services
Public Health
Smoking / epidemiology
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
United States / epidemiology
Violence / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support
1R13HS018601-01/HS/AHRQ HHS

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