Document Detail


A claw is like my hand: comparison supports goal analysis in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22099543     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Understanding the intentional relations in others' actions is critical to human social life. Origins of this knowledge exist in the first year and are a function of both acting as an intentional agent and observing movement cues in actions. We explore a new mechanism we believe plays an important role in infants' understanding of new actions: comparison. We examine how the opportunity to compare a familiar action with a novel, tool use action helps 7- and 10-month-old infants extract and imitate the goal of a tool use action. Infants given the chance to compare their own reach for a toy with an experimenter's reach using a claw later imitated the goal of an experimenter's tool use action. Infants who engaged with the claw, were familiarized with the claw's causal properties, or learned the associations between claw and toys (but did not align their reaches with the claw's) did not imitate. Further, active participation in the familiar action to be compared was more beneficial than observing a familiar and novel action aligned for 10-month-olds. Infants' ability to extract the goal-relation of a novel action through comparison with a familiar action could have a broad impact on the development of action knowledge and social learning more generally.
Authors:
Sarah A Gerson; Amanda L Woodward
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-11-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognition     Volume:  122     ISSN:  1873-7838     ISO Abbreviation:  Cognition     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-26     Completed Date:  2012-05-04     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367541     Medline TA:  Cognition     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  181-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. s.gerson@psych.ru.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention
Child Development*
Child Psychology
Cognition*
Comprehension*
Concept Formation*
Female
Humans
Imitative Behavior
Infant
Intention
Male
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD 035707/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD035707-12/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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