Document Detail

The classification and differential diagnosis of absence seizures with short-term video-EEG monitoring during childhood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22397035     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Absence seizures are idiopathic epilepsies characterized by impairment of consciousness and generalized 2.5-4 Hz spike and slow wave discharges. This prospective study was performed to classify and define properties of subgroups of absence epilepsies. We included 31 patients, of whom seven were in the differential diagnosis group. On admission, absence epilepsy provisional diagnosis was considered in 16 patients clinically and in the other 15 patients based on routine EEG findings. Ictal EEGs were recorded by video-EEG monitoring in 23 of the patients (totally 202 ictal recordings). Patients were diagnosed as childhood absence epilepsy (n=8), juvenile absence epilepsy (n=10), juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (n=3), eyelid myoclonia with absences (n=2), and perioral myoclonia with absences (n=1). Neuroimaging, video-EEG monitoring and especially ictal recordings are important for classification of epilepsies in addition to history, physical examination and routine EEG findings. Video-EEG monitoring is required to classify, to make differential diagnosis and to determine the treatment plan and prognosis.
Ozge Uysal-Soyer; Dilek Yalnizoğlu; Güzide Turanli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Turkish journal of pediatrics     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0041-4301     ISO Abbreviation:  Turk. J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:    2012 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417505     Medline TA:  Turk J Pediatr     Country:  Turkey    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Pediatric Neurology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
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