Document Detail

Is the chronotropic index applicable to children and adolescents?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15791045     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the chronotropic index (CRI) is independent of age, sex, stage of exercise testing, functional capacity and resting heart rate in children, as it is in adult populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 129 normal children and adolescents underwent maximal treadmill exercise testing according to the Bruce protocol. Submaximal chronotropic response was assessed by the CRI at the end of stages 1, 2, 3, and 4 of Bruce treadmill exercise testing. The CRI assessed at each exercise stage was independent of sex, maximal oxygen uptake and resting heart rate. The CRI was independent of age when measured at stages 3 and 4 in boys and at stage 4 in girls, but was weakly correlated with age when measured at stages 1 and 2 in boys and at stages 1, 2 and 3 in girls. There was a significant effect of exercise intensity on the CRI: multiple comparisons revealed that, in girls, CRI assessed at stage 1 was greater than that assessed at stage 4. Also, lower exercise stages resulted in rather large variations in the measurement. CONCLUSION: The results essentially confirm the potential applicability of the CRI for children and adolescents, although care should be taken in evaluating measurements of the CRI in the early stages of exercise testing to avoid misinterpretation of the results.
Reizo Baba; Suketsune Iwagaki; Nobuo Tauchi; Masahito Tsurusawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society     Volume:  69     ISSN:  1346-9843     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ. J.     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-25     Completed Date:  2005-10-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137683     Medline TA:  Circ J     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  471-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Tokai University Graduate School of Physical Education, Hiratsuka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
Exercise Test
Heart Function Tests
Heart Rate / physiology*
Oxygen Consumption
Sex Factors

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