Document Detail

The cholesterol emboli syndrome in atherosclerosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23423524     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Cholesterol emboli syndrome is a relatively rare, but potentially devastating, manifestation of atherosclerotic disease. Cholesterol emboli syndrome is characterized by waves of arterio-arterial embolization of cholesterol crystals and atheroma debris from atherosclerotic plaques in the aorta or its large branches to small or medium caliber arteries (100-200 μm in diameter) that frequently occur after invasive arterial procedures. End-organ damage is due to mechanical occlusion and inflammatory response in the destination arteries. Clinical manifestations may include renal failure, blue toe syndrome, global neurologic deficits and a variety of gastrointestinal, ocular and constitutional signs and symptoms. There is no specific therapy for cholesterol emboli syndrome. Supportive measures include modifications of risk factors, use of statins and antiplatelet agents, avoidance of anticoagulation and thrombolytic agents, and utilization of surgical and endovascular techniques to exclude sources of cholesterol emboli.
Adriana Quinones; Muhamed Saric
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current atherosclerosis reports     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1534-6242     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897685     Medline TA:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  315     Citation Subset:  IM    
Leon H. Charney Division of Cardiology, New York University Langone Medical Center, 560 First Avenue, New York, NY, 10016, USA,
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