Document Detail

The changing pattern of glomerular disease in HIV and Hepatitis C co-infected patients in the era of HAART.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23320974     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Previous reports have suggested a poor renal prognosis in patients with HIV and HCV co-infection with a preponderance of immune complex mediated glomerular disease on biopsy. Although the benefits of HAART on HIVAN are known, its impact on co-infected patients is unclear. We describe the renal biopsy findings and renal outcome in 29 co-infected patients in the HAART era and compare them to findings in 14 historical controls reported from our institution in the pre-HAART era. Our present cohort was predominantly male and Black with the majority reporting a history of intravenous (i.v.) drug use. Renal biopsy findings included 16 patients with immune complex mediated glomerular disease and 14 patients with FSGS, of which only 3 had collapsing features and/or tubular microcysts typical of HIVAN. Five patients had other biopsy diagnoses not directly related to viral infection. Median renal survival in our cohort was 15.6 months - significantly better than the 1.7 months seen our pre-HAART cohort. The modern cohort's improved renal outcome occurred despite older patients, longer HIV infection and similar levels of renal insufficiency. Our data indicate a changing epidemiology and natural history of renal disease in the HAART era with less immune complex mediated glomerular disease and more non-collapsing FSGS of the usual type. The marked improvement is likely to be multifactorial, including use of antiretroviral and anti-HCV therapies, RAAS antagonists, earlier nephrology referral and generally improved medical care.
Sumit Mohan; Leal C Herlitz; Jennifer Tan; Jen-Tse Cheng; Herman L Anderson; Michael B Stokes; Glen S Markowitz; Vivette D D'Agati; Jai Radhakrishnan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nephrology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0301-0430     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Nephrol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364441     Medline TA:  Clin Nephrol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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