Document Detail


A cephalometric study on craniofacial morphology of Iranian children with beta-thalassemia major.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17284245     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To study cephalometric and facial features of Iranian children with beta-thalassemia major. DESIGN: Lateral cephalometric radiographs of thalassemic patients and controls who were matched for age, sex and ethnic origin were analyzed and compared. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 30 thalassemic patients (18 male and 12 females) from Aliasghar Hospital, and 30 controls from the Orthodontic Department of Azad University. OUTCOME MEASURE: Size and shape differences in the craniofacial complex between thalassemic patients and controls. RESULTS: All thalassemic patients had a Class II skeletal base relationship with an average ANB angle of 8.75 degrees. There was no record of dramatic maxillary prognathism. However, the mandible of the thalassemic patients appeared to be smaller in size and more retruded in the face. A pronounced vertical growth direction was evident from angular and linear measurements. The dental deviations in thalassemic patients were mainly seen in the proclination and significant overeruption of incisors and increased overjet. Marked convex lower face and prominent upper and lower lips were evident from soft-tissue measurements. CONCLUSION: Anemia does not only produce overgrowth of the maxilla. It also produces a retardation of condylar and ramal growth of the mandible producing Class II skeletal pattern.
Authors:
F Amini; A Jafari; L Eslamian; S Sharifzadeh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Orthodontics & craniofacial research     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1601-6335     ISO Abbreviation:  Orthod Craniofac Res     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-07     Completed Date:  2007-04-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101144387     Medline TA:  Orthod Craniofac Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  36-44     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Dental College of Islamic Azad Medical University, Tehran, Iran. dramini@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Case-Control Studies
Cephalometry*
Child
Face*
Facial Bones / pathology*
Female
Humans
Incisor / pathology
Iran
Lip / pathology
Male
Malocclusion, Angle Class II / pathology
Mandible / pathology
Maxilla / pathology
Nasal Bone / pathology
Skull / pathology*
Skull Base / pathology
Vertical Dimension
beta-Thalassemia / pathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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