Document Detail

A centrifugal pump driven tidal flow extracorporeal membrane oxygenation system tested with neonatal mock circulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10392278     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In 1993, Chevalier published his experiences with tidal flow venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) featuring a single lumen cannula, non-occlusive roller pump, and alternating clamps. Using a neonatal mock circulation (NMC), which enables different hemodynamic states for neonatal ECMO research, the tested hypothesis was that it is possible to create a centrifugal pump driven tidal flow neonatal venovenous ECMO system. Additionally, the resulting hemodynamic effects in a condition of circulatory impairment were investigated. The ECMO circuit tested was assembled using a pediatric centrifugal pump head, a distensible reservoir, and a rotary clamp separating drainage from the injection phase. Using the NMC, end tidal volumes, mock circulation flow, and arterial and venous pressures were measured at different pump speeds after the drainage and injection phases. Effective venovenous ECMO flow (evvEF) was calculated. Mock circulation baseline values (ECMO clamped) were compared to values during tidal flow ECMO. At 3,000 rpm, a centrifugal pump speed of 75 ml/kg/min evvEF was reached, and it increased with higher pump speeds. At this point, the end tidal mock circulation flow (representing cardiac output) after drainage differed significantly from that during the injection phase (p < 0.01) but not from the baseline value. The end tidal arterial and venous pressures after the drainage phase were found to be significantly decreased compared to the baselines (p < 0.01). In conclusion, a centrifugal pump driven tidal flow venovenous ECMO system can be created enabling sufficient tidal volumes. Tested in the described NMC simulating posthypoxic circulatory impairment, significant hemodynamic effects could be demonstrated. Animal experiments for confirmation are necessary.
G Trittenwein; R Kölbl; H Trittenwein; J Golej; G Burda; M Hermon; A Pollak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Artificial organs     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0160-564X     ISO Abbreviation:  Artif Organs     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-08-19     Completed Date:  1999-08-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802778     Medline TA:  Artif Organs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  524-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, University of Vienna, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Anoxia / physiopathology,  therapy
Blood Circulation / physiology*
Blood Pressure / physiology
Cardiac Output / physiology
Catheterization, Central Venous / instrumentation
Catheterization, Peripheral / instrumentation
Disease Models, Animal
Equipment Design
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation / instrumentation*,  methods
Hemodynamics / physiology
Infant, Newborn
Tidal Volume* / physiology
Venous Pressure / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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