Document Detail


The causes of stalling fertility transitions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16570726     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An examination of fertility trends in countries with multiple DHS surveys found that in the 1990s fertility stalled in midtransition in seven countries: Bangladesh, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ghana, Kenya, Peru, and Turkey. In each of these countries fertility was high (more than six births per woman) in the 1950s and declined to fewer than five births per woman in the early or mid-1990s, before stalling. The level of stalling varied from 4.7 births per woman in Kenya to 2.5 births per woman in Turkey. An analysis of trends in the determinants of fertility revealed a systematic pattern of leveling off or near leveling in a number of determinants, including contraceptive use, the demand for contraception, and number of wanted births. The stalling countries did not experience significant increases in unwanted births or in the unmet need for contraception during the late 1990s, and program effort scores improved slightly, except in the Dominican Republic. These findings suggest no major deterioration in contraceptive access during the stall, but levels of unmet need and unwanted births are relatively high, and improvements in access to family planning methods would, therefore, be desirable. No significant link was found between the presence of a stall and trends in socioeconomic development, but at the onset of the stall the level of fertility was low relative to the level of development in all but one of the stalling countries.
Authors:
John Bongaarts
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Studies in family planning     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0039-3665     ISO Abbreviation:  Stud Fam Plann     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-30     Completed Date:  2006-08-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7810364     Medline TA:  Stud Fam Plann     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Policy Research Division, Population Council.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Birth Rate / trends*
Contraceptive Agents
Developing Countries / classification,  economics
Family Planning Services / trends*,  utilization
Female
Fertility*
Health Policy
Health Services Needs and Demand
Health Surveys
Humans
Reproductive Behavior
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contraceptive Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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