Document Detail

The case of the monarch butterfly: a verdict is returned.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12047949     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A publication reporting the harmful effects on the monarch butterfly of maize genetically modified to express insecticidal delta-endotoxins from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) caused much public interest. A series of ecologically based studies were subsequently carried out to evaluate rigorously the impact of pollen from such crops and to quantify the risks. The results demonstrated that the commercial large-scale cultivation of current Bt-maize hybrids did not pose a significant risk to the monarch population. Further studies also demonstrated that Bt-expressing crops posed little risk to other nontarget insects, including beneficial insects such as pollinators and natural enemies.
Angharad M R Gatehouse; Natalie Ferry; Romaan J M Raemaekers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Trends in genetics : TIG     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0168-9525     ISO Abbreviation:  Trends Genet.     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-05     Completed Date:  2002-07-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8507085     Medline TA:  Trends Genet     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  249-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dept of Agricultural and Environmental Science, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK NE1 7RU.
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MeSH Terms
Bacterial Proteins / genetics,  toxicity
Bacterial Toxins*
Butterflies* / drug effects
Endotoxins / genetics,  toxicity
Hemolysin Proteins
Plants, Genetically Modified
Zea mays / genetics*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bacterial Proteins; 0/Bacterial Toxins; 0/Endotoxins; 0/Hemolysin Proteins; 0/insecticidal crystal protein, Bacillus Thuringiensis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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