Document Detail

A case-control study on risk factors for preterm deliveries in a secondary care hospital, southern India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25006487     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Introduction. Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths and the second leading cause of death in children under five years old. Three-quarters of them could be saved with current, cost-effective interventions. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of preterm birth in a secondary care hospital in Southern India. Methods. In the case-control study, records of 153 antenatal women with preterm birth were included as cases. Age matched controls were women who had a live birth after 37 weeks of gestational age. Gestational age at delivery and associated risk factors were analyzed. Results. The preterm birth rate was 5.8%. Common risk factors associated with preterm birth were hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (21.4%), height <1.50 m (16.8%), premature rupture of membranes (17.5%), and fetal distress (14.9%). Mean birth weight for preterm babies was 2452 grams while the birth weight for term babies was 2978 grams. Conclusion. The commonest obstetrical risk factor for preterm birth was hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and nonobstetrical risk factor was height <1.50 m. The percentage of preterm birth was low, comparable to developing countries.
Chythra R Rao; Lara E E de Ruiter; Parvati Bhat; Veena Kamath; Asha Kamath; Vinod Bhat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-03-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  ISRN obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  2014     ISSN:  2090-4436     ISO Abbreviation:  ISRN Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-07-09     Completed Date:  2014-07-09     Revised Date:  2014-07-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101558763     Medline TA:  ISRN Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  935982     Citation Subset:  -    
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