Document Detail


A case of bacterial endophthalmitis following perforating injury caused by a cat claw.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10219039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A case of bacterial endophthalmitis following a perforating ocular injury caused by a cat claw is reported. The scleral wound was sutured immediately following the injury and systemic antibiotics were administered. Despite this treatment, endophthalmitis occurred 3 days after the injury. The endophthalmitis was resolved by pars plana vitrectomy, however preretinal reproliferation and retinal detachment subsequently occurred. After reoperation the retina was reattached and the corrected visual acuity improved from 10 cm/HM to 20/200. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was detected in cultured vitreous humor that was collected during surgery. This case illustrates the possibility of endophthalmitis being caused by gram negative bacillus in cases of perforating injuries caused by animal claws. Perforating ocular injuries caused by animal claws are relatively rare. Here we report a case of endophthalmitis due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa that occurred after a perforating injury caused by a cat claw. The eye was treated by pars plana vitrectomy.
Authors:
M Doi; T Ikeda; T Yasuhara; K Koizumi; T Nakamura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ophthalmic surgery and lasers     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1082-3069     ISO Abbreviation:  Ophthalmic Surg Lasers     Publication Date:  1999 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-06-08     Completed Date:  1999-06-08     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9517132     Medline TA:  Ophthalmic Surg Lasers     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  315-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan. kd126@mbox.kyoto-inet.or.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Animals
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Cats*
Drug Therapy, Combination / therapeutic use
Endophthalmitis / drug therapy,  microbiology*,  surgery
Eye Infections, Bacterial / drug therapy,  microbiology*,  surgery
Eye Injuries, Penetrating / drug therapy,  microbiology*,  surgery
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hoof and Claw*
Humans
Pseudomonas Infections / drug therapy,  microbiology*,  surgery
Pseudomonas aeruginosa / isolation & purification
Retinal Detachment / etiology,  surgery
Sclera / injuries*
Visual Acuity
Vitrectomy
Vitreous Body / microbiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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