Document Detail


A case of apparent canine erysipeloid associated with Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae bacteraemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23140319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is a Gram-positive facultative anaerobe found worldwide and is most commonly associated with skin disease in swine, while anecdotal reports of cases in dogs have been associated with endocarditis.
HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Clinicians should consider systemic infectious diseases as a potential cause of erythematous skin lesions.
ANIMALS: A 5-year-old female spayed Labrador retriever presented with lethargy, anorexia and erythematous skin lesions while receiving immunosuppressive therapy for immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia. Four days prior to presentation, the dog had chewed on a raw turkey carcase.
METHODS: Complete blood count, serum chemistry profile, urinalysis and blood cultures.
RESULTS: Blood cultures yielded a pure growth of E. rhusiopathiae serotype 1b. Amoxicillin 22 mg/kg orally twice daily for 2 weeks and discontinuation of azathioprine resulted in remission of fever and skin lesions.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: This report is the first documentation, to the best of the authors' knowledge, of Erysipelothrix infection, a known zoonosis, in an immunosuppressed dog, highlighting the need for infectious disease monitoring in patients receiving such therapy. This information may also help educate veterinarians to include Erysipelothrix infection as a differential diagnosis in dogs with fever and skin lesions, as well as the role of blood cultures in diagnosing this disease.
Authors:
Jonathan D Foster; Faye A Hartmann; Karen A Moriello
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary dermatology     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1365-3164     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  2013-04-29     Revised Date:  2014-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9426187     Medline TA:  Vet Dermatol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  528-e108     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Veterinary Dermatology © 2012 ESVD and ACVD.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amoxicillin / therapeutic use
Animals
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Azathioprine / adverse effects
Bacteremia / microbiology,  pathology,  veterinary*
Dog Diseases / microbiology*,  pathology
Dogs
Erysipeloid / microbiology,  pathology,  veterinary*
Erysipelothrix / isolation & purification*
Female
Immunocompromised Host
Immunosuppressive Agents / adverse effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0/Immunosuppressive Agents; 804826J2HU/Amoxicillin; MRK240IY2L/Azathioprine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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