Document Detail

A case of apparent canine erysipeloid associated with Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae bacteraemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23140319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background -  Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is a Gram-positive facultative anaerobe found worldwide and is most commonly associated with skin disease in swine, while anecdotal reports of cases in dogs have been associated with endocarditis. Hypothesis/Objectives -  Clinicians should consider systemic infectious diseases as a potential cause of erythematous skin lesions. Animals -  A 5-year-old female spayed Labrador retriever presented with lethargy, anorexia and erythematous skin lesions while receiving immunosuppressive therapy for immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia. Four days prior to presentation, the dog had chewed on a raw turkey carcase. Methods -  Complete blood count, serum chemistry profile, urinalysis and blood cultures. Results -  Blood cultures yielded a pure growth of E. rhusiopathiae serotype 1b. Amoxicillin 22 mg/kg orally twice daily for 2 weeks and discontinuation of azathioprine resulted in remission of fever and skin lesions. Conclusions and clinical importance -  This report is the first documentation, to the best of the authors' knowledge, of Erysipelothrix infection, a known zoonosis, in an immunosuppressed dog, highlighting the need for infectious disease monitoring in patients receiving such therapy. This information may also help educate veterinarians to include Erysipelothrix infection as a differential diagnosis in dogs with fever and skin lesions, as well as the role of blood cultures in diagnosing this disease.
Jonathan D Foster; Faye A Hartmann; Karen A Moriello
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary dermatology     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1365-3164     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9426187     Medline TA:  Vet Dermatol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  528-e108     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Veterinary Dermatology © 2012 ESVD and ACVD.
Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1100, USA Department of Clinical Pathology, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1100, USA.
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