Document Detail


The cardio-toxicity of isoprenaline during hypoxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  5768127     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The effects of the intravenous injection of isoprenaline on heart rate and arterial pressure has been studied in dogs artificially respired with room air or with 12% oxygen-88% nitrogen.2. In dogs breathing room air, isoprenaline in doses from 0.02 to 500 mug/kg increased heart rate and reduced arterial pressure. Ventricular fibrillation was produced in one out of three dogs given 250 mug/kg. This was the only dog breathing room air which was killed by isoprenaline.3. In dogs breathing room air the repeated intravenous injection at 5-min intervals of 2.5 mug/kg increased heart rate and reduced arterial pressure. No ill effects were produced by six doses.4. In dogs respired with 12% oxygen-88% nitrogen the PaO(2) was reduced from 84 to 38 mm Hg with no changes in PaCO(2). In these dogs death was produced by doses of isoprenaline which in dogs breathing room air produced normal responses.5. The fatal dose of isoprenaline (10-50 mug/kg) reduced heart rate and arterial and pulse pressures; sinus rhythm persisted until arterial pressure was less than 50 mm Hg. Ventricular fibrillation did not occur; death occurred from cardiac asystole.6. Death was produced in a similar way in dogs with hypoxaemia by giving four or five doses of isoprenaline (2.5 mug/kg) at 5-min intervals or by two doses of 25 mug/kg.7. The final reduction in arterial pressure during a fatal response resulted from a reduction in cardiac contractility.8. These lethal effects of isoprenaline could be prevented by pretreatment with propranolol.
Authors:
J M Collins; D G McDevitt; R G Shanks; J G Swanton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of pharmacology     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0007-1188     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1969 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1969-06-26     Completed Date:  1969-06-26     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502536     Medline TA:  Br J Pharmacol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  35-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anoxia*
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Dogs
Heart / drug effects*
Heart Arrest / chemically induced
Heart Rate / drug effects
Isoproterenol / antagonists & inhibitors,  toxicity*
Propranolol / pharmacology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
525-66-6/Propranolol; 7683-59-2/Isoproterenol
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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