Document Detail

The capture efficiency map: the capture zone under time-varying flow.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12425349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The capture zone or contributing area of a ground water extraction well can be defined as that portion of the aquifer from which the well draws its water. Accurate delineation of capture zones is important in many ground water remediation applications and in the definition of wellhead protection areas. Their mathematical delineation is often simplified by using quasi-steady-state models based on time-weighted average pumping rates and background hydraulic gradients. We present a new semianalytic approach for the definition of capture zones under transient-flow conditions. We then use this approach to evaluate the effects of time variations in the direction of the background hydraulic gradient on capture. Results are presented in the form of capture efficiency maps (CEMs). Although the area contributing to a given well is found to generally expand relative to the steady-state average capture zone when the gradient direction varies, the zone of 100% capture may expand or contract depending on site-specific conditions. We illustrate our CEM approach by applying it to the design of a plume containment system.
Adam D Festger; Gary R Walter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ground water     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0017-467X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ground Water     Publication Date:    2002 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-11     Completed Date:  2003-02-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882886     Medline TA:  Ground Water     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  619-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
Trojan Technologies Inc., Tucson, AZ 85704, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Environmental Monitoring
Models, Theoretical*
Water Movements*
Water Supply*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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