Document Detail

A calibrated human Y-chromosomal phylogeny based on resequencing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23038768     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
We have identified variants present in high-coverage complete sequences of 36 diverse human Y chromosomes from Africa, Europe, South Asia, East Asia and the Americas representing eight major haplogroups. After restricting our analysis to 8.97 Mb of unique male-specific Y sequence, we identified 6,662 high-confidence variants including SNPs, MNPs and indels. We constructed phylogenetic trees using these variants, or subsets of them, and recapitulated the known structure of the tree. Assuming a male mutation rate of 1x10-9 per bp per year, the time depth of the tree (haplogroups A3-R) was about 101-115 thousand years, and the lineages found outside Africa dated to 57-74 thousand years, both as expected. In addition, we dated a striking Paleolithic male lineage expansion to 41-52 thousand years ago and the node representing the major European Y lineage, R1b, to 4-13 thousand years ago, supporting a Neolithic origin for these modern European Y chromosomes. In all, we provide a nearly 10-fold increase in the number of Y markers with phylogenetic information, and novel historical insights derived from placing them on a calibrated phylogenetic tree.
Wei Wei; Qasim Ayub; Yuan Chen; Shane McCarthy; Yiping Hou; Ignazio Carbone; Yali Xue; Chris Tyler-Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Genome research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1549-5469     ISO Abbreviation:  Genome Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9518021     Medline TA:  Genome Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute;
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