Document Detail


cDNA cloning and characterization of feline CYP1A1 and CYP1A2.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17097115     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Deficiency of drug glucuronidation in the cat is one of the major reasons why this animal is highly sensitive to the side effects of drugs. The characterization of cytochrome P450 isoforms belonging to the CYP1A subfamily, which exhibit important drug oxidation activities such as activation of pro-carcinogens, was investigated. Two cDNAs, designated CYP1A-a and CYP1A-b, corresponding to the CYP1A subfamily were obtained from feline liver. CYP1A-a and CYP1A-b cDNAs comprise coding regions of 1554 bp and 1539 bp, and encode predicted amino acid sequences of 517 and 512 residues, respectively. These amino acid sequences contain a heme-binding cysteine and a conserved threonine. The cDNA identities, as well as the predicted amino acid sequences containing six substrate recognition sites, suggest that CYP1A-a and CYP1A-b correspond to CYP1A1 and CYP1A2, respectively. This was confirmed by the kinetic parameters of the arylhydrocarbon hydroxylase and 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase activities of expressed CYPs in yeast AH22 cells and by the tissue distribution of each mRNA. However, theophylline 3-demethylation is believed to be catalyzed by CYP1A1 in cats, based on the high V(max) and low K(m) seen, in contrast to other animals. Because feline CYP1A2 had a higher K(m) for phenacetin O-deethylase activity with acetaminophen, which cannot be conjugated with glucuronic acid due to UDP-glucuronosyltransferase deficiency, it is supposed that the side effects of phenacetin as a result of toxic intermediates are severe and prolonged in cats.
Authors:
Nagako Tanaka; Taku Miyasho; Raku Shinkyo; Toshiyuki Sakaki; Hiroshi Yokota
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-10-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Life sciences     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0024-3205     ISO Abbreviation:  Life Sci.     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-20     Completed Date:  2007-01-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375521     Medline TA:  Life Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2463-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Veterinary Biochemistry, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Hokkaido 069-8501, Japan.
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
GENBANK/AB199730;  AB199731
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acid Sequence
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic / metabolism,  pharmacokinetics
Animals
Cats / genetics*,  metabolism
Cloning, Molecular
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / genetics*,  metabolism
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 / genetics*,  metabolism
DNA, Complementary / chemistry,  genetics*
Gene Expression Profiling
Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
Kinetics
Metabolic Detoxication, Drug
Microsomes, Liver / enzymology,  metabolism
Mixed Function Oxygenases / metabolism
Models, Biological
Molecular Sequence Data
Phenacetin / metabolism,  pharmacokinetics
RNA, Messenger / genetics,  metabolism
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Sequence Alignment
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics, Non-Narcotic; 0/DNA, Complementary; 0/RNA, Messenger; 62-44-2/Phenacetin; EC 1.-/Mixed Function Oxygenases; EC 1.14.14.1/Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1; EC 1.14.14.1/Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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