Document Detail

The burden of malaria infection on pregnant women and birth weight of infants in south western Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20000067     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of malaria infection on pregnant women and the birth weight of the infants in the south western Nigeria. SUBJECT: 262 pregnant women who came for antenatal clinic at Ade-Oyo maternity hospital. 128 were primigravidae while 134 were multigravidae. METHODOLOGY: 2ml of blood was withdrawn from 262 pregnant women who came for antenatal clinic at Ade Oyo maternity hospital. Thick blood smears were prepared for parasite identification and quantification. Anaemia was detected by measuring Hb levels using Drabkin's solution. Age, gravidity and history of treatment with antimalaria drugs were obtained from the subjects using questionnaire. RESULT: The overall prevalence of infection was 41.8%. Primigravidae were more infected (35%) than multigravidae (22%). The prevalence was significantly higher (p<0.05) in wet season than dry season. Teenagers and primigravidae were more infected than the adults and multigravidae. The severity of the anaemia was significantly higher (p<0.05) among malaria positive teenagers and primigravidae than adults and multigravidae. The mean birth weight of infants born to malaria positive was significantly lower (p<0.05) than those born to malaria negative mothers. Malaria positive teenagers and primigravidae had infants with lowest birth weight as compared with adult and multigravidae. The birth weights of the infants were positively correlated with the Hb levels. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that malaria infection, anaemia, and gravidity affect the birth weight of infants born in Ibadan, southwestern Nigeria.
O M Akanbi; A B Odaibo; O G Ademowo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  East African journal of public health     Volume:  6     ISSN:  0856-8960     ISO Abbreviation:  East Afr J Public Health     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-16     Completed Date:  2010-02-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101302040     Medline TA:  East Afr J Public Health     Country:  Tanzania    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Environmental Biology and Fisheries, Faculty of Science, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia / epidemiology*
Birth Weight
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Malaria, Falciparum / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  parasitology
Maternal Age
Nigeria / epidemiology
Parasitemia / epidemiology*
Plasmodium falciparum / isolation & purification
Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic / epidemiology*
Young Adult

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