Document Detail


The built environment and alcohol consumption in urban neighborhoods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17644274     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relations between characteristics of the neighborhood built environment and recent alcohol use. METHODS: We recruited participants through a random digit dial telephone survey of New York City (NYC) residents. Alcohol consumption was assessed using a structured interview. All respondents were assigned to neighborhood of residence. Data on the internal and external built environment in 59 NYC neighborhoods were collected from archival sources. Multilevel models were used to assess the adjusted relations between features of the built environment and alcohol use. RESULTS: Of the 1355 respondents, 40% reported any alcohol consumption in the past 30 days, and 3% reported more than five drinks in one sitting (heavy drinking) in the past 30 days. Few characteristics of the built environment were associated with any alcohol use in the past 30 days. However, several features of the internal and external built environment were associated with recent heavy drinking. After adjustment, persons living in neighborhoods characterized by poorer features of the built environment were up to 150% more likely to report heavy drinking in the last 30 days compared to persons living in neighborhoods characterized by a better built environment. CONCLUSIONS: Quality of the neighborhood built environment may be associated with heavy alcohol consumption in urban populations, independent of individual characteristics. The role of the residential environment as a determinant of alcohol abuse warrants further examination.
Authors:
Kyle T Bernstein; Sandro Galea; Jennifer Ahern; Melissa Tracy; David Vlahov
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2007-07-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and alcohol dependence     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0376-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-15     Completed Date:  2008-04-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513587     Medline TA:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  244-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10013, USA. kbernste@health.nyc.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*,  psychology
Continental Population Groups
Environment*
Ethnic Groups
Female
Health Surveys
Housing
Humans
Income
Male
Middle Aged
New York City
Population Density
Telephone
United States / epidemiology
Urban Population
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA017642/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; MH 066081/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH 066391/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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