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A brief intervention to improve food allergy knowledge among US pediatricians: lessons learned.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22831457     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To cite this article: Springston EE, Lau CH, Patel P, Warrier MR, Sohn M-W, Pongracic J, Gupta RS. A brief intervention to improve food allergy knowledge among US pediatricians: lessons learned. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012: 00. ABSTRACT: Objective:  To evaluate a brief educational tool for pediatricians developed to address known gaps in food allergy knowledge. Study Design:  Pre- and post-assessments were administered to a convenience sample of 61 US pediatricians completing the Food Allergy Comprehension Tool between February and March of 2010. McNemar's and Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to determine whether clinical knowledge of food allergy and level of comfort in caring for food-allergic children increased significantly after reviewing the tool. Logistic regression models were used to measure the association of participant characteristics with increased knowledge and comfort. Results:  Sixty-one percent of surveyed physicians answered more knowledge questions correctly after reviewing the tool. Significantly more participants correctly indicated that anaphylaxis poses the greatest threat to teenagers rather than young children, and correctly rejected chronic nasal problems as a symptom of food allergy (p < 0.05). Comfort in caring for food-allergic children increased significantly on all items post-intervention (p < 0.05). Odds of increased knowledge and comfort were significantly higher among pediatricians without previous training in food allergy. Conclusion:  The Food Allergy Comprehension Tool is a rapid way to address known knowledge gaps among pediatricians and to identify areas in need of further intervention. We recommend integration of the tool with current food allergy guidelines.
Authors:
Elizabeth E Springston; Claudia H Lau; Parav Patel; Manoj R Warrier; Min-Woong Sohn; Jacqueline Pongracic; Ruchi S Gupta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1399-3038     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9106718     Medline TA:  Pediatr Allergy Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
The Institute for Healthcare Studies, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA The Smith Child Health Research Program, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA Division of Allergy and Immunology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA Allergy, Asthma and Sinus Care Center, Saint Louis, MO, USA Center for Management of Complex Chronic Care, Hines VA Hospital, Hines, IL, USA Division of Allergy and Immunology, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA.
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