Document Detail

The birth and development of the forced expiratory manoeuvre: a tribute to Robert Tiffeneau (1910-1961).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9493647     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The forced expiratory manoeuvre was first described by Tiffeneau and Pinelli working in Paris (France), in December 1947, who proposed measurement of the "pulmonary capacity usable on exercise" (capacité pulmonaire utilisable à l'effort) (CPUE), the maximal volume expelled in one second after a deep inspiration. It was intended to replace the measurement of the maximum breathing capacity, a difficult and tiring manoeuvre. A similar approach was later followed in the USA by Gaensler, who proposed the "timed vital capacity" in 1951. The name CPUE was changed to "volume expiratoire maximum seconde" (VEMS) by a group of European experts, who met in Paris on February 13, 1954, whereas the expression "forced expiratory volume" was adopted by the British Thoracic Society in 1957. Despite numerous attempts to examine the forced expiration in a different manner, the VEMS and/or forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) remain, after 50 yrs the main variables used daily by the respiratory physician. Although primarily a pharmacologist, Robert Tiffeneau (1910-1961) undoubtedly deserves to figure among the pioneers of respiratory medicine.
J C Yernault
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European respiratory journal     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0903-1936     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Respir. J.     Publication Date:  1997 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-04-23     Completed Date:  1998-04-23     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803460     Medline TA:  Eur Respir J     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2704-10     Citation Subset:  IM; Q    
Dept of Respiratory Diseases, Hôpital Erasme, Brussels, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Forced Expiratory Volume*
History, 20th Century
Pulmonary Medicine / history
Respiratory Function Tests / history*
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
R Tiffeneau

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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