Document Detail

A biomechanical and radiographic analysis of standard and intracortical suture anchors for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16458797     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To compare the fixation strength and radiographic motion of an anchor designed for intracortical (IC) fixation (FT Anchor, Arthrex, Naples, FL) with that of standard anchors used for rotator cuff repair. TYPE OF STUDY: In vitro human cadaveric biomechanical study. METHODS: Four types of metallic suture anchors (8 per group) were randomly inserted into human cadaveric humeri using an IC anchor and 3 types of standard anchors. Anchors were inserted 45 degrees to the humeral head surface and 90 degrees to the rotator cuff line of action. Anchors were tested under physiologic loads for 500 cycles followed by a failure test. The number of cycles, failure mode, and failure load were recorded. Fluoroscopy was used to measure rotation and displacement of the anchor within the humeral head during testing. Data were analyzed using a 1-way analysis of variance with a correction for multiple comparisons. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in anchor displacement or rotation measured by fluoroscopy after cyclic loading. Total construct displacement across anchors ranged from 4.9 to 7.8 mm, well beyond the 3-mm failure criterion reported in the literature. The IC anchor had a statistically significant greater failure load than the other devices. There was no significant difference in failure load between the other 3 anchors. The anchor had the greatest number of cycles to 3 mm of failure. This was not significantly different than the TwinFix anchor (Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA), but both values were significantly greater than both the Super Revo (Linvatec, Largo, FL) and Fastin RC (DePuy Mitek, Raynham, MA) anchors. CONCLUSIONS: Anchor motion accounted for about one third of total displacement of the suture/anchor construct. IC fixation anchors performed well compared with standard anchors in human cadaveric bone. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Fluoroscopic imaging showed both rotation and displacement of the anchor within the humeral head which may contribute to early gap formation after rotator cuff repairs.
Andrew Mahar; Darin W Allred; Michelle Wedemeyer; Guarav Abbi; Robert Pedowitz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1526-3231     ISO Abbreviation:  Arthroscopy     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-06     Completed Date:  2006-04-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506498     Medline TA:  Arthroscopy     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  130-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Orthopedic Biomechanics Research Center, Children's Hospital, San Diego, California, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Middle Aged
Rotator Cuff / physiopathology*,  radiography*,  surgery
Suture Techniques*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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