Document Detail

A biological and economic comparison of 2 pasture-based production systems on a wetland drumlin soil in the northern region of Ireland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22192229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The objective of this study was to compare the biological and economic efficiencies of 2 likely future pasture-based systems of milk production differing in overall stocking rate and concentrate supplementation level on a wetland drumlin soil in the Border Midlands Western region of Ireland. Physical performance data were obtained from a 3-yr systems comparison at Ballyhaise College, Co. Cavan, comparing 2 production systems: a high grass (HG) system (578kg of concentrate/cow at 2.45 livestock units per hectare) and a high intensity (HI) system (1,365kg of concentrate/cow at 2.92 livestock units/ha). Animal production data were analyzed using a mixed model, with feed system, year, and parity included as fixed effects in the final model. Feed system had a significant effect on all yield variables with higher yields in the HI system. Production system had no significant influence on reproductive performance. The Moorepark Dairy Systems Model, a stochastic budgetary simulation model, was used to simulate a model farm integrating biological data from each feed system to identify the economic effect of each system at 3 future milk prices of 22, 27, and 33 euro cents per liter (€c/L). Two economic scenarios were investigated within the model: scenario 1 (S1) assumed fixed cow numbers (n=55 cows) and scenario 2 (S2) assumed fixed land area (n=40ha). At a milk price of 27 or 33 €c/L, profit per cow, per kilogram of milk solids, and per hectare were similar for HG and HI in S1 and higher for HI in S2. At a milk price of 22 €c/L, all systems were unprofitable, with increased losses realized in the HI system (both S1 and S2) compared with the HG system. Pasture-based systems of milk production in the northern region of Ireland are capable of highly efficient and profitable milk production. Moreover, the efficacy of increased supplementation to remove the constraints of pasture seasonality will depend on the cost of supplementation and the price paid for additional milk produced.
D Patton; L Shalloo; K M Pierce; B Horan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  484-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland; School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.
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