Document Detail


The bioconversion of mountain pine beetle-killed lodgepole pine to fuel ethanol using the organosolv process.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18421796     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) killed by mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) (BLP) was compared with healthy lodgepole pine (HLP) for bioconversion to ethanol and high-value co-products. The BLP and HLP chips were pretreated using an ethanol organosolv process at a variety of severities. It was shown that the BLP was easier to pretreat and delignify than were the HLP chips. The resulting pretreated BLP substrate had a lower residual lignin, lower degree of polymerization of cellulose, lower cellulose crystallinity, smaller fiber size and thereby a better enzymatic hydrolysability than did the HLP substrates. However, under the same conditions, the BLP showed lower substrate yield and cellulose recovery than did the HLP, which likely resulted from the excessive hydrolysis and subsequent decomposition of the cellulose and hemicellulose during the pretreatment. The BLP wood yielded more ethanol organosolv lignin than was obtained with the HLP material. The HLP lignin had a lower molecular weight and narrower distribution than did the BLP lignin. It appears that the beetle killed LP is more receptive to organosolv pretreatment other than a slightly lower recovery of carbohydrates.
Authors:
Xuejun Pan; Dan Xie; Richard W Yu; Jack N Saddler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biotechnology and bioengineering     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1097-0290     ISO Abbreviation:  Biotechnol. Bioeng.     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-28     Completed Date:  2008-09-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502021     Medline TA:  Biotechnol Bioeng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 460 Henry Mall, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA. xpan@wisc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Beetles / physiology*
Biotransformation
Ethanol / chemical synthesis*
Organic Chemicals / chemistry*
Pinus / chemistry*,  parasitology*
Solvents / chemistry*
Wood / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Organic Chemicals; 0/Solvents; 64-17-5/Ethanol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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