Document Detail

A bifasic response to cadmium stress in carrot: Early acclimatory mechanisms give way to root collapse-further to prolonged metal exposure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22868210     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Very few studies have provided information about the effects of cadmium (Cd) at histoanatomical and ultrastructural levels, along with potential localization of the metal in planta. In particular, from this standpoint, almost nothing is known in Daucus carota L. (carrot), a particularly important species for in vitro and in vivo functional investigations. In this work we hypothesized that 36 μM Cd, supplied for 1, 2, 3, 4, 7 and 14 days to 30-day-old in vitro-cultured plants, might induce an early acclimation, but a final collapse of roots and leaves. In fact, as a general feature, a biphasic root response to Cd stress actually took place: in the first phase (1-4 days of Cd exposure), the cytological and functional events observed - by light microscopy, TEM, epifluorescence, as well as by the time-course of thiol-peptide compounds - can be interpreted as acclimatory responses aimed at diminishing the movement of Cd across the root. The second phase (from 4 to 14 days of Cd exposure) was instead characterized by cell hypertrophy, cell-to-cell separation events, increase in α-β-γ-tocopherol levels and, not least, endocytogenic processes, coupled with a dramatic drop in the amount of thiol-peptide compounds. These events led to a progressive root collapse, even if they did not ingenerate macro/microscopic injury symptoms in leaf blades and petioles.
Luigi Sanità di Toppi; Emanuela Vurro; Maria De Benedictis; Giuseppina Falasca; Letizia Zanella; Rita Musetti; Marcello S Lenucci; Giuseppe Dalessandro; Maria Maddalena Altamura
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB / Societe francaise de physiologie vegetale     Volume:  58C     ISSN:  1873-2690     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882449     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  269-279     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Università di Parma, Viale delle Scienze 11/A, I-43124 Parma, Italy.
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